Ehretia laevis


E. laevis



Local Names





Asia, china, india, bhuttan and Pakistan

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Ehretia laevis is a small tree belonging to the Boraginaceae or borage family.
It is native tree of Asia, and found in China, Bhutan, India, Pakistan, Laos, Myanmar, and Vietnam.
A small to medium sized tree up to 9 m tall. Young shoots and branches puberulous to glabrescent. Leaves 8-15 x 4.5-1.5 cm, suborbicular, obtuse to acute, minutely pubescent especially on undersurface, but becoming glabrescent, base rounded to cuneate or oblique. Petiole long. Flowers white, in axillary and terminal cymes, subsessile. Calyx ± 1.5 mm long, 5-partite, minutely rusty-tomentese. Lobes c. 1 mm long, ovate, acute. Corolla c. 5 mm long. Lobes ovate-lanceolate, c. 3 mm long, spreading. Filaments c. length of corolla, glabrous, lower half adnate; anthers 1.5 mm long. Styles 2-3 mm long, Stigma capitate. Ovary 2 mm long, ovoid. Drupe c. 3 mm long, black and wrinkled (When dry).
Distribution: Iran, Pakistan, Kashmir eastward to Burma and Hainan, Polynesia Indochina and Australia.
Ehretia laevis is a rare Indian medicinal plant used from ancient times. The plant is used for a variety of purposes, including ornaments, pot herbs, wood and stone dye, medicines, wines, and cosmetics. The inner bark of Ehretia laevis Roxb is used in the treatment of ulcers and headaches. Also useful in treatment for schizophrenia, absorption of calcium, muscle protein, post-surgery recovery, sports injuries, production of hormones, enzymes, antibodies. The plant has many uses that that many uses for different medicinal purposes. The fresh root is used in the treatment of syphilis, and the root is also used to treat diphtheria. Leaf powder mixed with sugar is divided into 10 equal doses. Each dose is taken daily along with goat milk curd to healing dysuria. The review focusing on the pharmacognostic parameters of E. Laevis and pharmacological uses.
The  plant  has  many  such  chemicals  which  are  useful  in malignancy,  obesity,  blood sugar,  cardiovascular diseases, blood pressure, and lipids, and muscle wasting to minimize the  risk  of  viral  infection  because  maximum  death  in COVID-19 is associated with secondary complications. The plant  has  the  property  to  fight  infections  of  fungus  and bacteria which may associate with viral infections. This herbal plant has chemicals that have a very good effect on  neural  diseases like  brain ischemia,  and useful  for the promotion  of  neural  crest  cell  survival,  sedative, anticonvulsant, anti-Alzheimer, Antiseizure, antidepressant, stroke. The plant has thyroid uptake promotion property which will be useful for thyroid patients. Anticoagulant, the antiplatelet property is useful in old age patients and bedridden patients, also  this will  reduce  the risk  in heart  patients.  Beneficial chemicals to treat the peptic ulcer and cataract are available in this plant. This will help with the prevention of diseases. The  plant  contains  Lysine  which  reduces  the  recurrence, severity,  and  healing  period  of  herpes  simplex  virus infections  hence can  be used  in  other viral  infections. Also,  this  is  useful  in  treatment  for  schizophrenia, absorption  of  calcium,  muscle  protein,  post-surgery recovery,  sports  injuries,  and  production  of  hormones, enzymes, antibodies, osteoporosis, anxiety, and disturbances of  mood,  migraine,  and  Alzheimer’ s  dementia,  loss  of hairs, shingles, malignancy, heart diseases, and aging. To protect other organs from infection or for maintenance of proper  health  by  its  gastro  &  hepatoprotective,  anti-pancreatitis,  anxiolytic,  anti-diabetic  &  hypolipidemic effects are very usefull.