Putranjiva roxburghii is an evergreen tree growing up to 12 metres tall. The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of beads, oil and wood. An attractive tree with pendant branches, it is grown as an ornamental in gardens, especially in India. A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Putranjiva is a famous, moderate-sized, evergreen tree, growing up to 12 m in height. It has pendant branches and dark grey bark having horizontal lenticels. Leaves are simple, alternately arranged, dark green, shiny, elliptic-oblong, distantly serrated. Male flowers, with short stalks, in rounded axillary clusters, female flowers 1-3 in leaf axil. Fruits ellipsoid or rounded drupes, white velvety; seed normally one, stone pointed, rugose, very hard.
Medicinal uses: Warning: Unverified information Bark and leaves used as medicine; leaves and fruits used as medicine for rheumatism.
E. Asia - Indian subcontinent, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia to New Guinea.
Along river-banks, in shady valleys and evergreen forests Drier regions of Sri Lanka.
A decoction of leaves and fruit is taken for the treatment of liver complaints, colds, fevers and rheumatism.
The hard, white seeds of the fruit are threaded into necklaces and also used for rosaries. Necklaces made from the seeds are traditionally given to children as a protection from disease.An olive-brown, fixed oil is obtained from the seed. It is used for burning. An essential oil is obtained from the seed.The grey wood is close-grained, moderately hard.The wood is sometimes used for construction, turnery, tool handles.